Silicene is the thinnest form of silicon. It is metallic, has graphene-like mobile carriers and can behave like a semiconductor. The material could lead to even smaller electronics but challenges remain.
Scientists are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use them to make products such as more efficient semiconductors for organic light emitting diodes and solar cells, safer vehicle glass in fog and frost, and more environmentally friendly chemical sensors for industrial applications.
Scientists have made important steps toward understanding how dynein - a 'molecular motor' - walks along tube-like structures in the cell to move cellular cargo from the outer structures toward the cell body of neurons.
Scientists have been successful in their search for new, better materials to produce organic semiconductors. Their latest development has even broken a world record: It is a better electricity conductor than all other comparable materials.
With a surprising discovery, an international team of scientists demonstrates the feasibility of selective magnetization switching inside a microstructure by using laser light. Their findings open opportunities for very-high-density information storage media.
Scientists have recently infiltrated cesium atoms in a self-assembled opal to create a hybrid nanophotonic system. By tuning the opal's forbidden gap relative to the atomic resonance, dramatic changes are observed in reflectivity. In the most extreme case, the atomic reflection spectrum is turned upside down compared to the traditional case.
Just as the invention of nonstick pans was a boon for chefs, a new type of nanoscale surface that bacteria can't stick to holds promise for applications in the food processing, medicine and even shipping industries.