The researchers have used the technique to determine that materials with a highly organized structure at the nanoscale are not more efficient at creating free electrons than poorly organized structures - a finding which will help guide future research and development efforts.
Strong materials, such as concrete, are usually heavy, and lightweight materials, such as rubber (for latex gloves) and paper, are usually weak and susceptible to tearing and damage. Julia R. Greer, professor of materials science and mechanics at Caltech is helping to break that linkage.
The aim of new research on the development of 'liquid marbles', also known as dry water, is to better understand the behaviour of this compound, in order to make advances in the use of cheaper materials, such as polystyrene.
A new study exploits near-field microscopy to image propagating plasmons in high-quality graphene encapsulated between two films of hexagonal boron nitride. It finds unprecedentedly low plasmon damping combined with strong field confinement and confirms the high uniformity of this plasmonic medium.
A Virginia Commonwealth University professor has received a five-year, $505,000 award from the National Science Foundation to make lithium-ion batteries - which power electric vehicles and portable electronic devices - far more efficient, sustainable and environmentally friendly.
Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra-low temperature 2D materials, creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy.