Diamonds are one of the most coveted gemstones. But while some may want the perfect diamond for its sparkle, physicists covet the right diamonds to perfect their experiments. The gem is a key component in a novel system that enables precision measurements that could lead to the discovery of new physics in the sub-atomic realm.
Researchers led an expansive, years-long international collaboration that has resulted in a paper detailing the ability to control and increase resistance to deformation in pure calcite through the introduction of amino acids.
Researchers show that the superconducting state can be maintained even when the material in question is reduced from three to two dimensions, making the efficiency gains needed for technologies like those underlying the frictionless train possible.
Researchers are developing new technologies for membrane separations, which have a wide-range of applications in industry for instance in the purification of oil and natural gas, desalination, solvent nanofiltration and CO2 capture.
Cargo ships are among the leading sources of pollution on the planet. A low-cost solution for reaching the new targets may come from a start-up, which is developing a nanostructured filter for use in a ship's exhaust stacks.
An older technology once de rigueur for preventing spacecraft gadgetry from getting too hot or too cold has been resurrected and repurposed for an emerging class of small satellites now playing an increasingly larger role in space exploration, technology demonstration, and scientific research.