It can analyze the chemical composition of substances and detect biological objects, such as viral disease markers, which appear when the immune system responds to incurable or hard-to-cure diseases, including HIV, hepatitis, herpes, and many others.
Engineers built a synchronous computer that operates using the unique physics of moving water droplets.The work combines expertise in manipulating droplet fluid dynamics with a fundamental element of computer science - an operating clock.
Systems allowing label-free molecular-level detection are expected to have enormous impact on biochemical sciences. Research focuses on materials and technologies based on exploiting the coupling of light with electronic charge oscillations, the so-called localized surface plasmon resonances, in metallic nanostructured antennas.
Scientists are using this special gas as a model system to more easily study the largely unknown mechanism of the superfluid phase transition in 2D structures. The researchers hope to gain new insight into the so-called room-temperature superconductor, a hypothetical material that does not require cooling to achieve lossless conduction of electricity.
Researchers have for the first time visualized the growth of nanoscale chemical complexes in real time, demonstrating that processes in liquids at the scale of one-billionth of a meter can be documented as they happen.
Scientists have uncovered physical mechanisms allowing the manipulation of magnetic information with heat. These new phenomena rely on the transport of thermal energy, in contrast to the conventional application of magnetic fields, providing a new, and highly desirable way to manipulate magnetization at the nanoscale.
Material scientists have developed a new type of sensor that can measure carbon dioxide. Compared with existing sensors, it is much smaller, has a simpler construction, requires considerably less energy and has an entirely different functional principle.
Researchers developed a method for fabricating nano-scale electronic scaffolds that can be injected via syringe. Once connected to electronic devices, the scaffolds can be used to monitor neural activity, stimulate tissues and even promote regenerations of neurons.