Scientists discuss a new way to apply a widely used local-structure analysis tool - known as atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis - to x-ray scattering data from thin films, quickly yielding high-quality information on the films' atomic structure. The work creates new avenues for studies of nanocrystalline thin films.
Scientists have developed a technique that prompts microparticles to form ordered structures in a variety of materials. The advance offers a method to potentially improve the makeup and color of optical materials used in computer screens along with other consumer products.
Researchers suggest this vaccine induces long-term protection against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and could serve as a novel treatment option for this disease. There is currently no licensed RSV vaccine.
Researchers have developed a new method for optical communication on a chip, which will give a possibility to decrease the size of optical and optoelectronic elements and increase the computer performance several tenfold. They have proposed the way to completely eliminate energy losses of surface plasmons in optical devices.
Scientists have used resonators made from single-crystalline diamonds to develop a novel device in which a quantum system is integrated into a mechanical oscillating system. For the first time, the researchers were able to show that this mechanical system can be used to coherently manipulate an electron spin embedded in the resonator - without external antennas or complex microelectronic structures.
Researchers have developed an optical fibre laser that emits pulses with durations equivalent to just a few wavelengths of the light used. This fastest ever device based on graphene will be ideal for use in ultrafast spectroscopy, and in surgical lasers that avoid heat damage to living tissue.
Engineering experts from Ulster University and the University of Cambridge have received 2.8 million pounds of funding for research into a carbon-based material that could transform the global manufacturing sector.
Researchers have developed a way to make these structures grow in an electron microscope. By recording the atoms self-assembling to form the whiskers - renamed in modern fashion as nanowires - they hope to understand how they grow and how to tune the growth conditions to build nano-devices.
Loads of cosmetics like sunscreen lotions contain titanium dioxide. These nanoparticles are contentious. But it is difficult to prove that the particles are in the lotions. Using a newly developed method, the particles can now be calculated.