Using coherent X-rays, a new technique has been discovered for sensing motion and velocity of small groups of atoms. This advance gives an unprecedented, nanoscale view of disordered objects as they are being created - like the thin films used to make solar cells and LCD screens.
In manganese monosilicide, microscopic magnetic vortices - skyrmions - may behave as 'collectivists' or 'individuals', i.e. they are able to create a single structure, or they can also split up individually. Studying the behaviour of skyrmions will help to create unique quantum devices based on new physical principles.
All cells protect themselves from the environment using very thin but ultra-strong membranes. In order to let useful molecules (nutrients etc.) go through the membrane, cells use 'gatekeeper molecules' called transporters. Researchers found out that these gatekeepers can now be manipulated to work longer hours by turning on a molecular switch.
Researchers have published research important for integrating Rydberg atoms into hybrid quantum systems and the fundamental study of atom-surface interactions, as well as applications for electrons bound to a 2D surface.
Scientists have, for the first time, created a 3-D image of food on the nanometer scale. It has promising prospects as a more detailed knowledge of the structure of complex food systems could potentially save the food industry large sums of money.
Windows and solar panels in the future could be made from one of the best - and cheapest - construction materials known: wood. Researchers have developed a new transparent wood material that's suitable for mass production.