Fabrication of nanowires arrays with different patterns and separations is a major concern of the nanowire community. For this purpose, a catalyst template, which is usually a metal nanoparticle array, is needed to guide the nanowire growth.
Polymeric hollow nanospheres with high stability and controllable permeability have interesting potential applications associated with the controlled release of encapsulated active ingredients (e.g., drugs, vaccines, antibodies, hormones, pesticides, and fragrances) under well-defined conditions. Researchers in Singapore are now fabricating hollow nanostructures with different shapes using a single template.
Spanish researchers have shown that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) constitute the ideal templates for the formation of one-dimensional strings of metal nanoparticles, with potential uses as waveguides, that would allow the miniaturization of devices below the diffraction limit and as catalytic motors.